Species We Raise Large Print
Written by WFWAvian   

Species We Raise Large

African Greys Congo $1,150 / African Greys Timneh - $950

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African Gray

Are considered by many to be the "King of Parrots". This position of honor is probably afforded them, in large part, because to the incredible intellect this species possesses. Although all parrots are extremely intelligent animals, the mental acumen of the African Grey places it in the upper echelons of avian intelligence. Recent research places their mental capacity on an equal level with that of a three to five year old child!

Such mental prowess invariably carries with it the demand for wisdom and sensitivity on the part of the handler-owner. These birds are not for the novice parrot owner, the neglectful, or the insensitive. If given proper attention and socialized properly, however, they are an avian companion without comparison. Hardly any other animal kept as a pet is capable of returning intelligent affection and friendship quite like an African Grey.

The speaking ability of this species is legendary. They often mimic human voices with incredible accuracy, speaking in more then one "voice", and sometimes replicating entire conversations with almost frightening accuracy. Some "AGs" have been known to speak just under 900 distinct words. (There are a few entire languages that contain less words than that!) I must interject the note, however, that not all Greys choose to speak human language. The majority, however, will become somewhat adept.

By nature African Greys are quiet (by that I mean no loud screaming), somewhat introverted, but extremely entertaining pets. Of the two main subspecies..."Congos" (light gray, with a red tail), and "Timnehs" (Charcoal gray, with a maroon tail), the Timnehs tend to be more outgoing and less temperamental than their cousins.

African Grey Parrots are rainforest birds. Occurring in a broad belt traversing the African continent at the equator, the birds vary somewhat in size and color across their range. Lighter, larger birds hail from the East, while the smaller, darker Timneh subspecies is endemic to the West. But whatever their color might be, both types are essentially the same, intelligent and fascinating bird. Few creatures on earth make the high quality pet an African Grey does.

General Information


Congo- 12-13 inches, Solid black beak, Blood Red Tail, Medium to Dark Grey in Color.
Camaroon- 14 - 16 inches, Solid black beak, Blood Red Tail, Light Silver to Medium Grey in Color at Maturity.
Timneh - 9-12 inches, Upper Mandible Bone Color at maturity, Dark Maroon Tail, Dark Grey in Color.

LIFESPAN: 50+ Years

LOUDNESS FACTOR: Quiet. Not prone to screaming. Most noise made by Grey's is mimicry, whistles, other birds, words, phrases, telephone, etc.

DIET: Pellets, Fresh Vegetables, Fruit, Sprouts, Grains, Legumes, Healthy People Food.

TALKING ABILITY: EXCELLENT! Renown for their ability to use Human Speech. Typically late talkers it is not unusual for Greys to be 18 months or older before really talking.

PET POTENTIAL: EXCELLENT. Not recommended for children.
With proper and continued socialization will work in a family situation very well.

CAGING REQUIREMENTS: A healthy Grey is very active. They are highly intelligent and easily bored, which can lead to feather plucking, screaming and/or biting.

The ideal cage is at least 36x24. This allows room for climbing, flapping, and many toys!

PERSONALITY: This is a highly intelligent, affectionate bird that will bond very strongly to their favored" person. They are also very sensitive and in tune to the moods of their favored person. They can also sometimes be shy and somewhat flighty. (Timneh's reportedly less so than Congo's). Early socialization and exposure to many things is very important. If not handled and socialized regularly by the entire family or numerous people, they can and do become 1 person birds. Generally Grey's are only really affectionate with their favorite person. However, they can have more than one favorite person! Grey's like most parrots are manipulative and you have to be very careful not to reinforce negative behavior.

A well socialized Grey will tolerate strangers, however, if you are looking for a bird that will run with eagerness to your friends and show off his astounding vocabulary for all that enter your home. A Grey is not the bird for you. Grey's generally prefer to retreat and clam up in the presence of strangers. There are of course exceptions, and much of this has to do with early socialization. Grey's of both sexes can be moody and even nippy during breeding season and/or when moulting.

This lively, spunky little bird will charm his way into your life, melt your heart with affection, make you laugh at his antics, and astound you with his intelligence and vocabulary, and undoubtedly be the best friend you ever had.

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Blue & Golds - $1250

 

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Blue & Gold Macaws
The Blue & Gold (B&G) is the most commonly available and best known of all the large macaws. They are everything their reputations say they are--loving, intelligent, gentle, sociable, and adaptable. A distinctive feature is the stunning black facial feathers on the white skin patch. The intense blue primary flight feathers and tail feathers are brilliantly contrasted with the sunny yellow of their body feathers.

This is a large bird and demands as much space as you can possibly give it in and out of the cage. As with the other macaws they should be offered the greatest variety of nutritious food possible. Along with exercise, diet cannot be stressed too much.

These birds are loving and bond easily and quickly to you and your family. They trust implicitly, but will also remember any trick you pull on them and may lose some of that trust. They can be quite loyal and will defend you against perceived threats or intrusions into your space. This can sometimes be a problem if you or others are unaware that, just as we are protective of our families, they can be too.
General Information


Size: 34 in. (86 cm.)

Weight Range: 800-1300 grams

Life Expectancy: 50 years or more.

Talking Ability: Good

Noise Level: Loud.

Minimum Cage Size: 36"x24"x40"

Bar Spacing: 1" to 1 1/4"

Natural Diet: Fruits, nuts, seeds, berries, flowers and vegetable matter.
Captive Diet: Fresh fruits, veggies, pasta, legumes, pellets, seeds, nuts and grains.

Special Dietary Needs: Macaws have an elevated need for fat and should be fed a modest amount of seeds or nuts daily to supplement a healthy and balanced diet.

Characteristics: Smart, good natured and affectionate.

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Yellow-Collar Macaw -(Not currently breeding  but looking for breeding pairs)

(Ara auricollis)

 

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Golden-Collar Macaw

Yellow-Collar Macaw (Ara auricollis) are small green “mini” macaws hailing from South America. Inquisitive, mischievous and animated, mini macaws are lively boisterous birds and require generous living space. Yellow-collared macaws do speak but have limited ability to mimic. They are delightful pets because of their outgoing personalities. They can live up to 30 to 40 years.

Appearance & Personality

Yellow-collared macaws are found in central South America from southern Brazil to northern Argentina. They inhabit a variety of forest types from moist subtropical forests of Argentina to dry forests in Bolivia. Yellow-collared macaws are similar in color to military macaws but have a chestnut colored forehead. The naked facial skin is white and has rows of black feather forming lines. The tail is long and tapered, and is maroon, green and blue.

Young hand-raised macaws are very adaptable and typically easily handled by many people. They must be socialized and exposed to a variety of experiences (veterinary visits, other pets, visitors, wing and nail trims, car rides, etc.) at a young age to avoid fearful behavior. Macaws can make excellent pets, although some have a tendency to become nippy. Mini macaws are not as loud as the large macaws.

Macaws are playful and love to chew. They should always be provided with toys, especially wooden blocks that can be chewed, and branches from non-toxic trees. In order to ensure safety, companion macaws should not be allowed unsupervised freedom in the home as they often encounter toxins or dangerous items.

Feeding


All macaws need plenty of energy for good health. Many of their natural foods, especially palm nuts are rich in oils and calories. Macaws should be fed a formulated (pelleted or extruded) diet as a basis for good nutrition. The diet should be supplemented with fresh fruits and vegetables daily to add variety and psychological enrichment. Feed approximately 1/4 cup formulated High Energy diet. Pretty Bird Daily select or Weaning diet could be used. Also offer 1/4 cup of fresh fruits and vegetables. Give one to two small nuts, such as almonds, as treats. Small amounts of seeds may also be given as treats especially as rewards for good behavior. Vitamin supplements are not needed for birds that are eating a formulated diet.

Yellow-collared macaws are difficult to hand feed from a very early age. They require a high fat diet and do well with additional protein especially at a very young age. A small amount of peanut butter or ground sunflower seeds may be added to increase protein and fat levels.

Grooming

Routine bathing or showering is vital to maintaining good plumage and skin condition. Birds can be misted and allowed to dry in a warm room or in the sun, or dried with a blow drier. An ideal way to bathe macaws is to put them in a cage outside, sprinkle them with the hose, and allow them to dry in the sun. Macaws are strong fliers. Most of the primary flight feathers (10 feathers closest to the tip of the wing) should be clipped to prevent flight. Clip only enough so the bird will glide to the floor

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Goffin's Cockatoo

 

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Goffin's Cockatoo
Goffin's Cockatoo Cacatua goffini

Physical Characteristics

These birds have mostly white plumage. The lores and base of the head feathers are salmon pink. The skin of the preorbital is white, prominent and circular. They have grayish-white bills. The iris of the male’s eye is black while the female’s is brown. Males also have a larger head and the preorbital skin is more prominent than in
females.

Size of average adult
length: 12.5 inches
weight: 1 pound
Diet
Wild: fruit, seeds and nuts
Reproduction
pair up to mate and raise young
nest in hollow parts of trees
incubation: 28 days
clutch size: 1 - 2

Goffin’s cockatoos – also known as the Tanimbar cockatoo - are active, high-energy birds. Although they are relatively uncommon in the United States, they are gentle, playful, very affectionate and
make excellent pets for young families.

Appearance & Personality

Goffin cockatoos birds have short white crests and blue eye rings with a small pink patch between the eyes and nares(nostrils). They may be confused with the larger bare-eyed cockatoo. The underside of the flight feathers are yellow.

The formal scientific name for the birds is Cacatua goffini. In the wild, they inhabit coastal lowland forests and woodlands on the Tanimbar Islands of Indonesia. They also invade cultivated areas and damage crops, gathering in flocks of 300 or more birds and feeding on seeds, crops, fruits, berries, buds, flowers, nuts and insect larvae.

They are most active in early morning and late afternoon. Goffin’s cockatoos can live up to 40 years. Precise data on the
lifespan of the average Goffin’s cockatoo is poorly documented. Goffin’s cockatoos are inquisitive and love to chew objects in their surroundings, but they are not as destructive as other cockatoos.

They should always be provided with toys, blocks of wood or branches to chew on. To avoid fear of new situations, young cockatoos should be socialized to many people and exposed to a variety of situations such as new cages, toys and visits to the veterinarian.

The birds make good pets for young families, and, when they are available in
the market.

Feeding
Goffin Cockatoos should be fed a pelleted diet. High-protein diets make an excellent staple diet for cockatoos. Weaning food can also be used. The diet should be supplemented with fresh fruits and
vegetables daily to add variety. Feed approximately 1/4 cup of formulated diet and 1/4 cup of fresh fruits and vegetables daily.

Monitor the bird’s food intake, though: Overfeeding leads to pickiness, selective feeding and wasteful throwing of food.

Goffin’s cockatoos are picky eaters that utilize calories efficiently. Try to ensure that the food they eat is nutritious and
avoid feeding large quantities of high-fat sunflower and safflower seeds. Vitamin supplements are not needed for birds on a formulated diet.

Housing
Goffin’s cockatoos are very active and should be provided the largest cage that space and budget allows. Ideally, the cage should provide room for flight, but at a minimum, it must allow space for the bird
to fully spread his wings.

Durable cage construction is not as critical for Goffin’s as it is for large cockatoos because they are not such strong chewers. Many are adept at opening cage latches, however, so locks or escape-proof
latches may be necessary. Ideally, the bird should also have an outdoor cage to allow play time in the fresh-air and sunlight.

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Chaco Blue-Fronted Amazon $850

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Blue-Fronted Amazon
Blue-Fronted Amazon (Amazona aestiva - 2 subspecies) - Length 14 inches with a basic body color of green. The forehead contains a bright blue and yellow crown and the front edge of their wings is red and may contain some yellow. There is some red at the base of the tail feathers and their beaks are black. On the sub-species Amazona aestiva xanthopteryx, the bend of the wings are yellow sometimes mixed with red. Blue Fronts can be very good talkers and are usually even-tempered and friendly with all their humans if socialized early on. Amazons inhabit both Central and South America.

Amazons are fun loving clowns who tend to go with the flow enabling them to become great members of a family. They like to be where the action is and will require nice roomy cages and lots of toys to beat up, chew on, seek and destroy, preen and just bully sometimes. Amazons can be quite vocal each morning and evening as they announce their joy at life and are not considered quiet birds; although they seldom become screamers if provided with lots of playful activity during the day. They should be well socialized from an early age to help them remain handeable by more than one person.

Amazons have a tendency to become a little overweight with age, so not only is play important, their diet should be varied and structured to prevent obesity. Amazons can have a very strong personality and when they want something, they want what they want when they want it. They are very intelligent parrots and can be demanding, loud, destructive, loving, silly, playful, full of songs and conversations and definitely an expressive individual. Although Amazons are not for everyone, if you choose to share your life with one, it can be the most rewarding experience ever.